Dental fillings are a widespread solution employed to restore teeth that have suffered structural harm due to cavities, cracks, or fractures. When a tooth develops such a structural issue, a filling becomes necessary to restore the tooth’s integrity and prevent further deterioration. A variety of dental filling materials exist, each offering its own unique set of benefits and drawbacks that must be carefully weighed.

At Dentsee Dental Clinic and Dental Implant Treatment in Wakad, experienced dentists guide patients through the appropriate choice of filling for their specific needs, including dental implant treatment options.

Types of Dental Fillings

  • Amalgam Fillings (Silver Fillings):

Amalgam fillings are a combination of metals, including silver, tin, copper, and mercury. They have been widely used for decades due to their strength, durability, and cost-effectiveness. However, concerns have been raised about the potential health risks associated with the mercury content in amalgam fillings, leading to a shift toward alternative materials.

  • Composite Resin Fillings (Tooth-Colored Fillings):

They are designed to match the natural color of teeth, making them an aesthetically pleasing option, especially for visible areas. These fillings are durable and bond well to the tooth structure, but they may not last as long as amalgam fillings in areas of high bite pressure.

  • Glass Ionomer Fillings:

They are aesthetically similar to composite resin fillings but have a weaker bonding capacity. These fillings are often used in low-stress areas, such as root surfaces or small cavities in children’s teeth, as they release fluoride, which helps prevent further decay.

  • Ceramic Fillings (Inlays and Onlays):

Ceramic fillings, also known as inlays and onlays, are custom-made in a dental laboratory to fit the specific shape and size of the cavity or damaged area. They are highly durable and can withstand significant bite pressure. These fillings are tooth-colored and provide an excellent aesthetic result, but they are generally more expensive than other types of fillings.

Procedure Details

  • Numbing: The dentist will administer a local anesthetic to numb the area around the affected tooth, ensuring a comfortable and pain-free procedure.
  • Removal of Decay: Using specialized dental instruments, the dentist will remove the decayed or damaged portion of the tooth, creating a clean surface for the filling material.
  • Tooth Preparation: Depending on the type of filling material being used, the tooth may need to be further prepared by roughening the surface or applying a bonding agent to help the filling adhere properly.
  • Filling Placement: The dentist will carefully apply the filling material in layers, ensuring a smooth and secure fit. For composite resin fillings, each layer is cured (hardened) with a specialized curing light.
  • Shaping and Polishing: Once the filling is in place, the dentist will shape and polish it to match the contours of the surrounding teeth, ensuring a comfortable bite and a natural appearance.

After the procedure, it is essential to follow the dentist’s instructions for proper care and maintenance of the filling. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing, can help extend the lifespan of dental fillings and maintain a healthy smile.